using many of the sources below.
- Hedge Funds
A hedge fund can basically invest in anything – land, real estate, stocks, derivatives, currencies. mutual funds, by contrast, have to basically stick to stocks or bonds. Hedge funds will often use borrowed money to amplify their returns.
- Private Equity
In finance, private equity is an asset class consisting of equity securities and debt in operating companies that are not publicly traded on a stock exchange. A private equity investment will generally be made by a private equity firm, a venture capital firm or an angel investor. There are four basic things private equity investors do to earn money: Raise funds, source and close deals, improve operations, and sell portfolio companies.
- Joint Ventures
A joint venture is a business enterprise undertaken by two or more persons or organizations to share the expense and profit of a particular business project. A joint venture is not a business organization in the sense of a proprietorship, partnership, or corporation. It is an agreement between parties for a particular purpose and usually a defined time frame.